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南开大学环境科学与工程学院

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讲座题目:Neurotoxic effects of Lead (Pb) and Mercury (Hg) Exposure: An International Medical Challenge
暴露于铅和汞的神经毒理学反应:一个国际医学的挑战
讲座专家:Dr. S. Allen Counter教授(哈佛大学医学院教授)
讲座时间:2016年11月18日上午10:00-12:00
讲座地点:津南校区环科院楼B119报告厅

 
报告简介:S. Allen Counter博士是美国哈佛医学院的神经学教授和马萨诸塞州总医院的神经生理学家,是哈佛大学的哈佛基金会的主任。Counter博士作为荣誉住校教师、教授和管理者在哈佛大学工作了40年。Counter博士出生于佛罗里达州的棕榈滩县,并在那里接受了小学和中学教育。随后,他在Tennessee大学获得了学士学位和在Case Western Reserve大学获得了博士学位。此外,他还在瑞典斯德哥尔摩的Karolinska研究所,师从Erik Borg和Ake Flock教授获得了医学博士学位。然后,他到哈佛大学在杰出的John E. Dowling教授指导下,在Woods Hole 海洋生物学实验室的做神经生物学的博士后研究。
 
    他后来被任命为哈佛大学分子和细胞生物学(神经生物学)教授,但仍然负责哈佛大学生物实验室的一个神经科学实验室。现在,Counter博士在哈佛大学神经毒理学教一门课程,同时他还进行脑和内耳的神经生理学方面的临床和基础性研究。目前,他的主要研究方向集中于2个方面: (1)暴露于铅和汞的厄瓜多尔安第斯山脉儿童的神经毒理学反应, (2)用药期间的内耳高场磁共振成像(9.4T)和微型电脑断层扫描。此外,他发表了超过100篇专业论文和三本专著。1981年,Counter博士被哈佛大学校长Derek Bok指定为哈佛基金会的主任。哈佛大学的哈佛基金会支持多样性、股权、跨文化关系与和平。在2006年,他被任命为瑞典斯德哥尔摩Karolinska研究所的神经科学兼职教授。在1989年,他被选为国际探索者俱乐部会员,并于2013年被俱乐部授予著名的洛厄尔托马斯奖以表彰他对厄瓜多尔安第斯山脉矿山中采挖黄金的印第安工人汞暴露的科学研究,随后对厄瓜多尔山区的安第斯儿童严重的铅中毒的医学研究,他对苏里南、南美的美洲-印第安部落和亚马逊森林中的非洲后裔部落的多年研究所取得的成就。并且,在1986年,他对西北部格陵兰岛的探索中,找到了北极探险家海军上将Robert Peary 和Matthew Henson被抛弃的因纽特人儿子,并把他们用飞机运到美国,帮助他们找到美国的亲戚,随后,1988年在罗纳德.里根总统的命令下,将北极探险家、非裔美国人Matthew Henson重新安葬于阿灵顿国家公墓,与其他美国英雄。2004年,Counter博士被任命为波士顿和新英格兰瑞典大使馆的总领事。2012年,他被瑞典国王卡尔十六世,古斯塔夫授予北极星骑士。
 
 
    Dr. S. Allen Counter Jr., is Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School and Neurophysiologist at the Massachusetts General Hospital. He is also Director of The Harvard Foundation, at Harvard University. He has served Harvard honorably as resident tutor, professor and administrator for the past 40 years. Dr. Counter is a native of Palm Beach County, Florida where he attended elementary and high schools. Following academic training at Tennessee University (B.S.) and Case Western Reserve University (Ph.D.), he earned the Doctor of Medical Science degree from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden under Professor Erik Borg and Professor Åke Flock. He pursued post-doctoral studies in Neurobiology at Harvard University and the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratories with distinguished Harvard Professor John E. Dowling. He was later appointed to the faculty of Molecular and Cellular Biology (neurobiology) at Harvard, and still maintains a neuroscience lab at the Harvard Biological Laboratories. Dr. Counter currently teaches a course in Neurotoxicology at Harvard University. He conducts both clinical and basic research studies in neurophysiology of the brain and inner ear. His current research has two foci: (1) The neuro-toxicological effects of lead and mercury exposure in Andean children of Ecuador, (2) High field magnetic resonance imaging (9.4T) and micro-CT of the inner ear during drug uptake. He is the author of over 100 articles and three books. Dr. Counter was appointed Director of the Harvard Foundation in 1981 by Harvard University President Derek Bok. The Harvard Foundation was established to support diversity, equity, intercultural relations and peace at Harvard University. In 2006, he was appointed adjunct Professor of Neuroscience at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. In 1989, Dr. Counter was elected to membership in the international Explorers Club, and in 2013 the Club presented him with its prestigious Lowell Thomas award for his extraordinary scientific exploration among mercury-exposed Saraguro Indian gold miners in the caves of the Andes Mountains of Ecuador; his discovery of, and subsequent medical research on severely lead-poisoned Andean children in the Ecuadorian Mountains; his years of exploration among the Amer-Indian tribes and African-descended tribes in the Amazon rainforests of Suriname, South America; and most notably, his 1986 discovery in Northwest Greenland of the abandoned Inuit sons of North Pole explorers Admiral Robert Peary and Matthew Henson, and transporting them by Air Force plane to the US to meet their American relatives for the first time; his subsequent re-interment of the African-American 2 North Pole explorer Matthew Henson among other American heroes in Arlington National Cemetery in 1988 with a Presidential order from Ronald Reagan; and ultimately his commemoration of the centennial of the North Pole discovery with a letter from President Barack Obama and a nuclear submarine, the USS Annapolis, to place a capsule honoring Henson and Peary at the North Pole on April 6, 2009. In 2004, Dr. Counter was appointed Consul General of Sweden in Boston and New England by the Swedish Ambassador to the U.S., and in 2012 he was presented the Order of the Polar Star knighthood by Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden.
 
Dr. S. Allen Counter教授的最近发表文章:
 
1. Counter SA, Buchanan LH, Ortega F. Brainstem auditory evoked responses in children living at high altitude in the Andes Mountains. High Altitude Medicine & Biology High Alt Med Biol. 2013; 14: 155-61. 
2. Counter SA, Buchanan LH, Ortega F, Chiriboga R, Correa R, Collaguaso MA.  Lead levels in the breast milk of nursing Andean mothers living in a lead-contaminated environment. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2014; 77: 993-1003. 
3. Counter SA, Buchanan LH, Ortega F. Blood Lead Levels in Andean Infants and Young Children in Ecuador: An International Comparison. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A: Current Issues, 2015; 78: 778-787. 
4. Counter SA, Buchanan LH, Ortega F. Neurocognitive Status of Andean Children with Chronic Environmental Lead Exposure. J Environ Occup Sci 2015; 4: 179-184.  
5. Counter SA, Nikkhou S, Brené S, Damberg P, Sierakowiak A, Klason T, Berglin CE, Laurell G. MRI evidence of endolymphatic impermeability to the gadolinium molecule in the in vivo mouse inner ear at 9.4 tesla. Open Neuroimag J. 2013; 7: 27-31. 
6. Counter SA, Damberg P, Aski SN, Nagy K, Berglin CE, Laurell G.  Experimental Fusion of Contrast Enhanced High-Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging and High-Resolution Micro-Computed Tomography in Imaging the Mouse Inner Ear. Open Neuroimag J. 2015; 9:7-12.   
7. Polar Legacies. Smithsonian, November 2009. 
8. Counter, S.A. The Crying Man: The Neuroscience Of Easy Weeping. Boston Sunday Globe. February 6, 2011.  9. Counter, SA. North Pole Legacy: Black, White and Eskimo. Invisible Cities Press 2001